The Bill of Right

The Bill of Rights – Full Text

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

In the News

https://constitutioncenter.org/blog/survey-high-school-students-teachers-differ-on-the-first-amendment

BRI Resources

What is the Significance of the Free Exercise Clause? 

How has Speech Been Both Limited and Expanded, and How Does it Apply to You and Your School? 

Amendment II

A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

In the News

BRI Resources

What are the Origins and Interpretations of the Right to Keep and Bear Arms? 

Amendment III

No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

In the News

https://wapo.st/2RKmdSp

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

In the News

https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/29/supreme-court-rules-car-parked-driveway-has-4th-am/

BRI Resources

Liberty and Security in Modern Times

Amendment V

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

In the News

https://www.richmond.com/news/virginia/u-s-supreme-court-is-asked-to-hear-eminent-domain/article_ed415294-b449-5176-b4bd-3557bfcd5073.html

BRI Resources

How Does the Fifth Amendment Protect Property? 

Amendment VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

In the News

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/latin-america/immigrant-children-don-t-have-right-free-lawyer-court-says-n842431

BRI Resources

Gideon v. Wainwright

Amendment VII

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

In the News

https://www.cantonrep.com/x1457732767/Bill-of-Rights-Part-7-Doctor-fought-for-jury-trial-and-lost

BRI Resources

Due Process of Law 

Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

In the News

https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-pol-court-fines-20181128-story.html

BRI Resources

How Do Due Process Protections for the Accused Protect Us All?

Amendment IX

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

In the News

https://reason.com/blog/2018/09/06/brett-kavanaugh-dodges-question-about-th

BRI Resources

What is the Scope of the Bill of Rights?

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

In the News

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/12/08/the-legal-battle-that-could-undermine-law-at-center-of-mueller-probe-1052217

BRI Resources

State and Local Governments